The 2018 H-1B cap season is upon us

January 07, 2018

Immigration Law Alert

Author(s): Courtney H. New, Jason Gerrol

We are less than three months away from the new H-1B (cap-subject) filing season. On April 2, 2018, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will begin accepting H-1B visa petitions for Fiscal Year 2019, which starts on October 1, 2018.

For each fiscal year, there are only 85,000 new H-1Bs available: 65,000 for foreign nationals with a bachelor’s degree (or equivalent education) from a U.S. or foreign college or university, and 20,000 for foreign nationals with a graduate degree from a U.S. college or university.

We believe that in FY 2019, USCIS will again receive more petitions than there are H-1B visas available, necessitating a lottery. Only petitions received in the first five business days of filing (April 2 to April 6, 2018) will be included in the lottery, so employers hoping to secure H-1Bs on behalf of current or prospective employees must plan ahead and must file their H-1B petitions during the first week of April. This means that now is the time to assess your needs and begin preparation of H-1B petitions on behalf of current and prospective employees.

Employers should consider:

  • Foreign national employees who are in F-1 student status and working pursuant to a period of Optional Practical Training (OPT) following completion of a U.S. degree program. OPT is generally limited to 12 months (although those who received a U.S. degree in a science, technology, engineering or math (STEM) discipline may be eligible for an additional 24 months of employment authorization) so employment beyond the first year is typically contingent on securing an H-1B.
  • Employees in L-1 status, whom you are sponsoring for legal permanent residency (or will sponsor in the future), but who are unlikely to receive a “green card” within the allotted period of admission (i.e., five years if in L-1B status or seven years if in L-1A status). Your Nixon Peabody legal professional can help evaluate H-1B options for your L-1 employees.
  • Employees in TN status in light of President Trump’s campaign promise to renegotiate or withdraw from the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the treaty that authorizes TN status on behalf of Mexican and Canadian citizens.
  • Prospective employees who have not previously been counted against the H-1B numerical limits within the past six years (e.g., with another U.S. employer), and whom you wish to employ in the United States.

In short, the H-1B nonimmigrant visa classification is for foreign national workers in “specialty occupations,” meaning occupations that require theoretical and practical application of highly specialized knowledge (generally by requiring at least a bachelor’s degree, or equivalent, in a specialized field). If you have questions regarding whether or not a particular position qualifies as a “specialty occupation,” or if your foreign national worker’s education qualifies, please let us know.

Importantly, if you miss the filing deadline in April, under the current system there will be no new H-1B visas available for the remainder of the fiscal year.

If you are interested in employing a foreign national in the U.S., your Nixon Peabody professional can discuss with you the H-1B process further as well as other work authorization options that may be available (e.g., O-1, etc.).

The foregoing has been prepared for the general information of clients and friends of the firm. It is not meant to provide legal advice with respect to any specific matter and should not be acted upon without professional counsel. If you have any questions or require any further information regarding these or other related matters, please contact your regular Nixon Peabody LLP representative. This material may be considered advertising under certain rules of professional conduct.

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