March 25, 2020
Securities Law Alert
The SEC provided new disclosure guidance and extended certain relief for public companies from filing deadlines and proxy delivery requirements due to the impact of the coronavirus pandemic.
The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC or Commission) today extended certain relief for public companies from filing deadlines and proxy delivery requirements due to the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. In addition, staff of the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance issued new disclosure guidance for companies to consider in light of COVID-19.
Separately, on March 24, 2020, the staff of the SEC’s Division of Corporation Finance, Division of Investment Management, and Division of Trading and Markets issued a joint statement that they will not recommend the Commission take enforcement action with respect to the manual signature requirements of Rule 302(b) of Regulation S-T under certain circumstances, providing needed flexibility for obtaining original manually signed signature pages and retention of such signature pages due to circumstances arising from COVID-19.
On March 25, 2020, the SEC issued a new order, which supersedes a prior order issued on March 4, 2020, providing public companies, and persons required to make filings with respect to such companies, with relief from deadlines for filing or furnishing certain disclosure reports, schedules, and forms with the Commission (for example, Forms 10-K, 20-F, 10-Q, 8-K, 6-K, and proxy statements) that otherwise would have been due between March 1 and July 1, 2020, if each of the conditions below are met.
The order provides conditional relief from any requirement to file or furnish materials (and any related amendments) with the Commission under Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (Exchange Act) Sections 13(a), 13(f), 13(g), 14(a), 14(c), 14(f), 15(d) and Regulations 13A, 13D-G (except for those provisions mandating the filing of Schedule 13D or amendments to Schedule 13D), 14A, 14C and 15D, and Exchange Act Rules 13f-1, and 14f-1, as applicable, that otherwise would have been due between March 1 and July 1, 2020. This relief is available to all companies subject to the reporting requirements of Exchange Act Section 13(a) or 15(d) and any person required to make any filings with respect to such a company, regardless of filer status, and applies, for example, to calendar year-end reporting companies who will shortly be preparing to file their first quarter 2020 Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
However, this relief does not apply to reports required to be filed under Section 13 with respect to the filing of Schedule 13D or amendments to Schedule 13D or Section 16 (including Forms 3, 4 and 5) of the Exchange Act.
In the press release announcing the extended provisional relief, the SEC reiterated that its staff will take the following positions in connection with the relief granted by the order:
The Commission also encouraged companies with questions or in need of additional assistance from the SEC staff related to deadlines, delivery obligations, or their public filings to contact the Division of Corporation Finance.
In addition, the SEC has provided an exemption from the requirements of the Exchange Act and the rules thereunder to furnish proxy statements, annual reports, and other soliciting materials, as applicable (Soliciting Materials), as well as to furnish information statements and annual reports, as applicable (Information Materials), if each of the following conditions for relief are met.
The Division of Corporation Finance staff issued CF Disclosure Guidance: Topic No. 9 for entities impacted by COVID-19 and related business and market disruptions (the Guidance). The Guidance encourages timely reporting but also recognizes that it may be difficult to assess or predict with precision the broad effects of COVID-19 on industries or individual companies.
Specifically, the Guidance (a) provides an illustrative list of questions to consider for companies assessing the COVID-19-related risks and effects; (b) highlights the need for companies and corporate insiders to refrain from trading company securities before disseminating material non-public information; (c) advises companies to take necessary steps to avoid selective disclosures by disseminating such information broadly to the public; and (d) encourages companies to proactively address financial reporting matters earlier than usual.
Assessing COVID-19-related risks and impacts requires a facts-and-circumstances analysis, and disclosure should be specific to a company’s situation. The Guidance encourages tailored disclosure that provides material information about COVID-19-related risks and impacts to investors and market participants and also allows investors to evaluate such current and expected risks and impacts through the eyes of management. Companies should proactively revise and update disclosures as facts and circumstances change.
The Guidance provides the following illustrative but non-exhaustive list of questions for companies to consider with respect to assessing and disclosing risks related to COVID-19 and its impact:
Companies and other related persons should consider market activities in light of their obligations under the federal securities laws, such as the need for companies, directors, and officers, and other corporate insiders to refrain from trading company securities before disclosing to the public any material information of COVID-19-related risks and impacts. The Guidance also reminds companies to take the necessary steps to avoid selective disclosure and update previous disclosure when the evolving circumstances render certain material information inaccurate.
The Guidance encourages companies to proactively address financial reporting matters complicated by the ongoing and evolving COVID-19-related impacts earlier than usual in order to maintain timely, complete, and accurate filings.
To the extent companies present a non-GAAP financial measure or performance metric to adjust for or explain COVID-19-related impacts, it would be appropriate to highlight why management finds the measure or metric useful and how it helps investors assess COVID-19-related impacts on the company’s financial position and results of operations. The Guidance reminds companies of their obligations under Regulation S-K and Regulation G with respect to the presentation of non-GAAP financial measures, and the Commission’s recent guidance with respect to performance metrics disclosure.
When a GAAP financial measure is not available at the time of the earnings release because COVID-19-related adjustments may require additional information and analysis, the Guidance provides that the Division of Corporation Finance will not object to companies reconciling a non-GAAP financial measure to preliminary GAAP results that either include provisional amount(s) based on a reasonable estimate or a range of reasonably estimable GAAP results. The provisional amount or range should reflect a reasonable estimate of COVID-19-related changes not yet finalized. Companies, however, should explain, to the extent practicable, why the line item(s) or accounting is incomplete, and what additional information or analysis may be needed to complete the accounting. In filings where GAAP financial statements are required, such as filings on Form 10-K or 10-Q, companies should reconcile to GAAP results and not include provisional amounts or a range of estimated results.
In providing this accommodation to reconcile non-GAAP financial measures to provisional amounts or estimated ranges, the Division staff noted that companies “should limit the measures in its presentation to those non-GAAP financial measures it is using to report financial results to the Board of Directors.” The Guidance emphasizes that companies should not present non-GAAP financial measures or metrics for the sole purpose of presenting a more favorable view of the company. Rather, companies should use non-GAAP financial measures and performance metrics for the purpose of sharing with investors how management and the board are analyzing the current and potential COVID-19-related impacts on the company’s financial condition and operating results.
Rule 302(b) of Regulation S-T requires that each signatory to documents electronically filed with the Commission under the federal securities laws manually sign a signature page or other document before or at the time the electronic filing is made, authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting his or her signature that appears in typed form within the electronic filing. Electronic filers must retain such documents for a period of five years and furnish copies to the Commission or its staff upon request.
In response to inquiries from entities subject to Regulation S-T regarding the authentication document retention requirements under Rule 302(b) in light of COVID-19-related impacts and difficulties, the staff of the Division of Corporation Finance, the Division of Investment Management, and the Division of Trading and Markets issued a joint statement that they will not recommend the Commission take enforcement action with respect to the requirements of Rule 302(b) if:
To ensure the ability to utilize the relief provided in the joint statement, we recommend that companies either add to their existing policy or establish a temporary policy that sets forth appropriate procedures for authorizing the filing of reports under the federal securities laws by manual signatures of authorized personnel working remotely.
The foregoing has been prepared for the general information of clients and friends of the firm. It is not meant to provide legal advice with respect to any specific matter and should not be acted upon without professional counsel. If you have any questions or require any further information regarding these or other related matters, please contact your regular Nixon Peabody LLP representative. This material may be considered advertising under certain rules of professional conduct.
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