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Alexandra López-Casero



Alexandra López-Casero represents U.S. and non-U.S. companies on a wide range of international trade-related issues. She serves as principal outside international trade counsel to a number of U.S. and non U.S.-based companies, ranging from start-ups to multinationals, that develop, produce and export a wide range of products, including defense technology, industrial products, chemicals, electronic products, software, life science products, medical devices, pharmaceutical products and equipment, aerospace technology, and consumer products. She concentrates her practice on export controls, economic sanctions, and national security reviews before the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS). Law 360 has appointed Alexandra to serve on their 2016 International Trade editorial advisory board.

Alexandra grew up in Germany and began her legal career at Clifford Chance’s office in Frankfurt. After completing a Master of Laws at the University of Pennsylvania, she joined Nixon Peabody in 2004.

What do you focus on?

Export Compliance

I enjoy working with U.S. and non–U.S. clients from startups to Fortune 500 companies on a wide range of export control and economic sanctions matters helping them successfully navigate the complex U.S. trade control laws. My focus is on mitigating cross-border compliance risk and optimizing trade compliance procedures through effective, global export compliance strategies involving all phases of export compliance, from the first point of regulatory risk through post-shipment activities.

My ITAR experience spans all aspects of ITAR compliance, including commodity jurisdiction and classification, registration requirements, licensing strategies, license proviso compliance, TAAs and MLAs, re-exports and transfers, deemed (re-)export controls and other technology controls, internal assessments and gap analysis, self-audits, disclosures, training and process creation. I represent clients ranging from defense contractors to manufacturers of industrial products, electronic products and software developers on compliance with ITAR. My experience enables me to carefully tailor ITAR compliance strategies to fit each client’s industry and compliance risk. I also work closely with firms that are new to the ITAR and the processes required to conduct an ITAR-compliant business.

I also have extensive experience with exports of so-called “dual use” products. I counsel U.S., multinationals and non-U.S. companies counsel clients on the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Export Administration Regulations (EAR), navigating them through all aspects of EAR compliance, including product classification, licensing requirements and strategies, license preparation, end use and end user controls, deemed export controls, technology controls, compliance manuals and processes, and regulatory interpretation. My experience includes software classification and mastering the EAR’s encryption controls and license exceptions.

My OFAC experience covers all U.S. sanctions regimes, including the sanctions against Iran, North Korea, Cuba, Sudan, Syria, Burma and the recent Ukraine-related sanctions.

National Security Reviews of Foreign Investment (CFIUS)

I have significant experience representing U.S. and non–U.S. companies on all aspects of the U.S. national security review process before CFIUS. My clients range from technology companies, international construction and energy companies, defense contractors, manufacturers and private equity firms to non–U.S. government-owned businesses. By way of example, some of my recent representative CFIUS experience includes:

  • Represented the Japanese seller of various U.S. marine container terminals to a non-U.S. buyer.
  • Represented a Spanish infrastructure firm in its acquisition of a U.S. provider of construction and maintenance work on transmission and infrastructure assets.
  • Represented a Scandinavian private equity fund in its acquisition of a controlling interest in a U.S. technology company that develops mobile video collaboration solutions subject to the ITAR.
  • Represented a U.S. manufacturer of components subject to the ITAR being acquired by a French manufacturer partially owned by the French government.
  • Represented a European luxury car manufacturer in its acquisition of a U.S. manufacturer of custom robotics, specialty tooling and remote visual inspection systems.
  • Represented a Malaysian agricultural company owned by the Malaysian government in its acquisition of a U.S. oleochemical company and its related private railway.
  • Represented a leading European manufacturer of ropes, strapping and twines suited for use in highly advanced applications in its acquisition of a U.S. manufacturer of dynamic and static ropes used in industrial and recreational applications.
  • Represented a French defense contractor in its acquisition of a U.S. provider of aircraft components, Ground Support Test Equipment (GSTE) and aircraft maintenance and repair services.

What do you see on the horizon?

I’m closely following export control reform. The Obama Administration is in the midst of the most comprehensive reform of U.S. export controls in decades. But the new rules that implement these changes are complex. The transition will be more daunting to those exporters who are not very familiar with the EAR, and whose products are moving from the ITAR to the EAR as part of the new “600 series.” As the administration continues to issue revisions to the USML and CCL, the reform efforts will be judged, at least from the industry’s perspective, by whether the recent and upcoming changes actually reduce the administrative burden on companies.

Recent Publications, Presentations and Media Interviews

  • “Doing Business with Cuba—The Landscape Today & Expectations,” co-panelist, GCEDC, January 27, 2016
  • “Global Trade Expert Series,” co-panelist, Welke Custom Brokers, September 21, 2016
  • “Seed Co. Settlement Sends Warning Signal To Exporters,” Banking Law360, International Trade Law360, and New York Law 360, September 20, 2016
  • “CFIUS’s Influence on Dealmaking,” conference call with The Capitol Forum, March 3, 2016 (transcript available here)
  • “Credit Agricole Settlement Is Warning To Foreign Cos.,” Banking Law360, International Trade Law360, and New York Law 360, November 2, 2015
  • “Rule Change to Ease Export Controls in Cloud,” Compliance Week, quoted on the recent changes pertaining to export controls and cloud computing, July 7, 2015
  • “Anywhere but here,” Site Selection, quoted on compliance issues faced by multinationals under the Iran sanctions, May 2015
  • “Top Five Things Exporters Should Know About the U.S. Antiboycott Laws,” TerraLex Connections, March 13, 2015
  • “5 Takeaways From Latest OFAC Guidance On Russia Sanctions,” International Trade Law360; Aerospace & Defense Law360; Banking 360; and Energy 360, December 22, 2014
  • “Export Control Implications of Cloud Computing,” The Export Practitioner, October 2014
  • “Challenges Mount for Companies Doing Business in Russia,” Rochester Business Journal, quoted on the sanctions implications for U.S. businesses, September 26, 2014
  • “Russian Sanctions May Provoke Firesales,” The Wall Street Journal, Q&A interview on the new wave of U.S. sanctions against Russia, September 19, 2014
  • “Cloud Computing Poses Unique Export Controls Challenges,” International Trade Law360, Aerospace & Defense Law360, and Technology Law360, August 6, 2014
  • “5 Takeaways from Latest Sanctions Against Russian Cos.,” Banking Law360, Energy Law360, International Trade Law360, Private Equity Law360, Project Finance Law360, and Public Policy Law360, July 22, 2014
  • “New Sanctions Against Russia,” The Wall Street Journal, quoted on the new sanctions restrictions, July 17, 2014
  • “Cloud Computing and Export Controls: Compliance Challenges and Best Practices,” part of a webinar on “Export Controls: Significant Issues for 2014,” The Knowledge Group, July 16, 2014
  • “Cloud Computing: Are You Trading Compliance for Convenience?” NP webinar, July 8, 2014
  • “Companies Report North Korea Gold in Supply Chain,” The Wall Street Journal, quoted on the breadth of U.S. sanctions against North Korea, June 4, 2014
  • “A Look At Export Control Changes For Satellites,” International Trade Law360, Aerospace & Defense360, and Government Contracts360, May 22, 2014 (Co-Author)
  • “U.S. Anti-Boycott Laws: Top 5 Things Exporters Should Know,” Commercial Contracts360, International Trade Law360, and Public Policy360, April 29, 2014
  • “Companies Unprepared for Russia Sanctions,” The Wall Street Journal, quoted on vetting Russian businesses, April 29, 2014
  • “No More Export Licenses For Russia: Tips For Exporters,” International Trade Law360, Aerospace & Defense360, and Public Policy Law360, April 17, 2014
  • “Latest Ukraine-Related Sanctions Likely Won’t Be The Last,” International Trade Law360, Aerospace & Defense Law360, Banking Law360, Hospitality Law360, Technology and Public Policy Law360, March 18, 2014 (Co-Author)
  • “Inside Clearstream’s OFAC Settlement Agreement,” Banking Law360, International Trade Law360, and Securities Law360, February 4, 2014
  • “Takeaways From CFIUS’ Latest Win In Court,” Energy Law360, Environmental Law360, International Trade Law360, Mergers & Acquisitions Law360, Project Finance Law360, and Public Policy Law360, November 12, 2013 (Co-author)
  • “Changes To License Exceptions Ease Way For Exporters,” International Trade Law360, July 31, 2013 (Co-author)
  • “Export Reform: Understanding License Exception STA,” International Trade Law360, June 24, 2013
  • “Startup Pushes Encryption, but Doubts Arise,” Wall Street Journal, quoted on the export control implications of cloud computing, June 21, 2013
  • “Preparing to Do the Deal: Know Your Filing Obligations Under Hart-Scott-Rodino, CFIUS, and the Immigration Laws,” Nixon Peabody’s Semi-annual CLE Program, May 30–31, 2013, Rochester and Buffalo, New York
  • “What Exporters Need To Do Before October 15,” International Trade Law360, May 23, 2013 (Co-author)
  • “A Roadmap for Navigating the Revised USML And CCL,” International Trade Law360, May 17, 2013
  • “Export Controls Reform: Understanding the 600 Series,” International Trade Law360, May 2, 2013 (Co-author)
  • “Export Controls Reform Has Arrived,” International Trade Law360, April 22, 2013 (Co-author)
  • “Ralls Case Shows Importance of Proactively Engaging CFIUS,” International Trade Law360, March 12, 2013
  • “Introduction to U.S. Export Controls,” Nixon Peabody’s Semi-annual CLE Program, November 15–16, 2012, Rochester and Buffalo, New York
  • “The Export Control Implications of Cloud Computing,” Silicon Valley Association of General Counsel (SVAGC), October 21, 2011, Santa Clara, California
  • “The Export Control Implications of Cloud Computing,” The Lawyer’s Brief, September 15, 2011

Seed Co. Settlement Sends Warning Signal To Exporters

Law360 | September 20, 2016

Washington, DC, M&A and corporate transactions partner Alexandra López-Casero and associate Anjali Vohra co-authored this piece that discusses the significance of the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s $4.3 million penalty against PanAmerican Seed Company as it demonstrates that the treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control will continue to vigorously enforce Iran sanctions violations and serves as a lesson to exporters as to the prevailing pattern of violations resulting from the use of intermediaries.

Law360 International Trade Editorial Advisory Board

Law360 | February 29, 2016

Washington, DC, partner Alexandra Lopez-Casero is highlighted in this article as part of Law 360’s 2016 International Trade editorial advisory board.

North Korea is Newest Frontier for a Daredevil Investor

New York Times | January 14, 2016

Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions group partner Alexandra Lopez-Casero is quoted in this article regarding investments in North Korea that may violate American sanctions.

Credit Agricole Settlement Is Warning To Foreign Cos.

Law360 | November 02, 2015

Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions partner Alexandra Lopez-Casero and Washington, DC, business department law clerk Anjali Vohra authored this column discussing a U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control settlement underscoring the high compliance expectations placed on firms, the benefit of timely and complete voluntary self-disclosures and the extraterritorial reach of the U.S. sanctions program.

Rule Change to Ease Export Controls in the Cloud

Compliance Week | July 06, 2015

Washington, DC, Business Transactions partner Alexandra Lopez-Casero provides commentary in this article on new amendments to U.S. export control regulations that are on the horizon.

Tourists More Eager than Businesses to Embark on Cuba

Rochester Business Journal | June 26, 2015

Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions partner Alexandra Lopez-Casero is quoted in this article on doing business in Cuba.

Anywhere but Here

Site Selection | May 13, 2015

Washington, DC, partner Alexandra Lopez-Casero is quoted in this article discussing why location matters for multinationals in light of the largest criminal fine ever paid in connection with an International Emergency Economic Powers Act prosecution.

How changes in Cuba embargo affect travel, banking, exports, more

Rochester Business Journal | February 13, 2015

M&A and Corporate Transactions partners Jeff LaBarge and Alexandra Lopez-Casero and Commercial Litigation counsel Alycia Ziarno authored this column on the business implications of easing Cuba sanctions.

5 Takeaways from Latest OFAC Guidance on Russia Sanctions

Law360 | December 22, 2014

In this column, Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero discusses the Office of Foreign Assets Controls’ new FAQs addressing U.S. companies’ challenges in connection with the Sectoral Sanctions Identifications List from the U.S. sanctions against Russian business interests.

Export Control Implications of Cloud Computing

The Export Practitioner | October 01, 2014

Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero authored this column on the unique export compliance challenges cloud computing creates for users and providers.

Challenges Mount for Companies Doing Business in Russia

Rochester Business Journal | September 26, 2014

Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero is quoted in this column discussing the obstacles companies who do business with Russia are facing in light of sanctions against the country.

Russian Sanctions May Provoke Firesales

Wall Street Journal | September 19, 2014

Washington, DC, M&A and Corporate Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero is featured in this Q&A on the economic impact of U.S. sanctions against Russia.

Cloud Computing Poses Unique Export Controls Challenges

Law360 | August 06, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero discusses how U.S. cloud users can stay compliant under the U.S. export control laws.

5 Takeaways From Latest US Sanctions Against Russian Cos.

Law360 | July 22, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero and Washington, DC, Government Investigations & White Collar Defense partner Grayson Yeargin discuss the latest round of U.S. sanctions against Russia and what these mean moving forward.

Broad New Russia Sanctions Create Compliance Uncertainty

Wall Street Journal | July 17, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero provides commentary on the latest round of sanctions against Russia by the president’s administration.

Risk and Compliance: Dozens of Companies Report North Korea Gold in Supply Chain

The Wall Street Journal | June 04, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero provides third-party commentary in this article on what corporations and businesses are doing as they discover that some of their products may include North Korean gold and the implications of this finding.

A Look at Export Control Changes for Satellites

Law360 | May 22, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero and Washington, DC, Government Investigations & White Collar Defense partner Grayson Yeargin authored this column discussing how the decision by the U.S. government to remove commercial and scientific communications satellites from the U.S. Munitions List to the Commerce Control List eases export of these products.

US Anti-Boycott Laws: Top 5 Things Exporters Should Know

Law360 | April 29, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero authored this column discussing the key points that every U.S. exporter should know about the U.S. anti-boycott laws.

The Morning Risk Report: Companies Unprepared for Russia Sanctions

Wall Street Journal | April 29, 2014

Washington, DC, Business Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero discusses new sanctions against Russia and few tools that companies can use to ensure compliance.

No More Export Licenses for Russia: Tips for Exporters

Law360 | April 17, 2014

Washington, DC, M&A/Corporate Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero authored this column discussing the issues raised for U.S. exporters resulting from the significant move by the U.S. government to stop issuing export licenses for dual-use and defense items to Russia.

Latest Ukraine-Related Sanctions Likely Won't Be The Last

Law360 | March 18, 2014

Washington, DC, Global Business & Transactions counsel Alexandra Lopez-Casero, Government Investigations & White Collar Defense partner Grayson Yeargin and Government Relations counsel Doug Dziak discuss the likely series of government sanctions in response to the Russia-Ukraine crisis.

Contact

Alexandra Lopez-Casero

Partner

Washington, DC

Phone: 202-585-8372


Fax: 866-743-2937

University of Pennsylvania Law School, LL.M.

University of Pennsylvania, Wharton School of Business, Certificate in Business and Public Policy

Bavarian Ministry of Justice, Second Judicial State Examination

University of Regensburg Law School, First Judicial State Examination (J.D.)

New York

Germany

Alexandra is a member of the New York State Bar Association, the American Bar Association, and the Bar Association of Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Alexandra is admitted to practice in the state of New York, as well as in Germany. She is licensed to practice as a Special Legal Consultant in the District of Columbia. Alexandra is not a member of the District of Columbia Bar and is supervised by members of the firm who are members of the District of Columbia Bar.

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